A learning disorder (or disability) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent difficulty in one or more areas of learning, when overall intelligence and motivation are not affected.

When children try hard and still struggle with a specific set of skills over time, it could be a sign of a learning disorder. Specific learning disorders are categorized into three areas:

  • Reading (dyslexia)
  • Mathematics (dyscalculia)
  • Written expression (dysgraphia)

A Child with a Learning Disorder Might Have Difficulty:

  • Understanding and following instructions
  • Identifying letters, numbers, and words and make reversals (after 7 years)
  • Remembering what was just said or read
  • Grouping items and recognizing patterns
  • Understanding measurement (time, money, estimating)
  • Coordinating fine and gross motor movements (e.g., writing, running)
  • Keeping track of items and possessions

How Learning Disorders are Identified:

Learning disorders are identified through a direct assessment of the child’s cognitive functioning and academic achievement in reading, writing, and math. This type of evaluation is commonly referred to as a psychoeducational evaluation.

Components of a Comprehensive Evaluation Include:

  • Parent/Caregiver Interview
  • Cognitive assessment
  • Academic assessment
  • Rating Scales related to the child’s behavioral and social-emotional functioning
  • Observation of child in the academic setting

Accordion Title

Empty section. Edit page to add content here.